Holding Round Items
When requiring to hold round items the vice will first come to mind, if this is just
to machine a small flat to take the end of a grub screw for holding a pulley then
this is probably the way forward if the vice is already on the table. If though a
keyway is required needing to be axially in line, the vice will need to be accurately
positioned, a task time consuming.
The set-up shown in Photograph 15 (left) will overcome all these problems and permit
quite heavy machining to be undertaken on the part. Mount the left hand plate using
a square off the tables front edge to position it. Then, mount the right hand plate
using a suitable width parallel to space them. Note that the right hand plate is
held by the stud that also secures the workpiece. If though this is the first time
you are using a square off the edge of the machine table then check that the setting
is parallel with the machine's axis using a DTI, just in case your machine table's
edge and or your square have major errors. Having checked and accepted the result
the once then the method should be considered acceptable for future applications
providing the process is carried out with care.
If you are considering using a V block as an alternative be warned. The force from
the overhead clamp will be attempting to force the V apart and it is known for this
to split the block into two parts. Even if you are confident of the strength of your
vee block getting this accurately positioned can be a problem. Setting it between
two plates in a similar manner to that proposed above would though suffice, Photograph
If attempting to use a V block for a small diameter item, then this may fall below
the top of the block and clamping the part could be a problem. With the method proposed
a wide range of sizes can easily be accommodated from as little as 3 mm up with theoretically
no upper limit.
Using a part from the assembly being made
Do not overlook the possibility that some other part in the assembly being made could
be used to hold the one being worked on for machining, being particularly useful
where angles or complex shapes are involved. Having to machine the edges of a gib
strip for use in a dovetail slide, setting up the tilting vice looked inevitable
but the length of the gib strip was much longer than the width of the available vice.
Having some reluctance to the method I hit on the idea of using the outer dovetails
to act as a jig for holding it whilst having its edges machined, I no longer have
a Photograph available of this set up but Sk. 2 should indicate the process adequately.
This avoided the need of accurately setting up the tilting vice, and yet guaranteed
that the angle was precise.