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Harold Hall

Workshop Projects

The part now needs to be slit so as to provide adjustment for the fit between it and the Eccentric Sheave (43). With a slitting saw fitted to a mandrel, place this in the three jaw chuck and with the eccentric strap mounted on the lathe's top slide make the slit as seen in Photograph 53. Whilst in this position the saw can also be used to make the flats on which the screw and nut eventually sit, finishing the recesses using a suitable file, then drill the 7BA clearance hole. File a small flat where the tapped hole is required and drill and tap 7BA, the flat ensuring that the screw head will seat tidily, also drill the lubrication hole.

 

To machine the outer faces at the end use the same method as that for the con rod,  photograph 49. However, with the arm being longer and more slender it will tend to flex under the pressure exerted by the cutting action so it will be necessary to limit the depth of cut and the feed rate. I used a depth of cut of 5 thou and with a steady feed managing it without there being a problem but after each cut I took a second cut with out placing on any more feed. Taking a spring cut being the term for this. It is essential however that you use a sharp cutter for the process.

 

If you are making the horizontal engine the part is longer and therefore even less ridged but I still machined the part using the same method but did reduce the depth of cut to around 3 thou.   

 

Eccentric Sheave 43

Whilst the eccentric strap above was initially bored 5/8” diameter this may have closed a little when the part was slotted. In this case therefore the eccentric sheave should be turned to a diameter that is a close running fit rather than 5/8”. However, the material supplied is from 5/8” diameter bar and will be, as is normal, a thou or two under size so may not need turning, requiring just the 1/16” wide groove to be made and the end faced. If the bore has opened up, or at least not closed down, you should turn the part from a piece of 3/4” (or larger) rather than using the material supplied. This is probably preferable in any case.

 

The bore and boss are off centre by 3/32” needing the part to be fitted into the four jaw chuck and set off centre such that one gets a total indicator reading of 0.1875” (3/16”). If you do not possess a dial indicator (a dial test indicator will not do) use a piece of 3/16” material such that a tool in the tool post just touches the workpiece at one point and just allows the test piece to pass between the tool and the workpiece when rotated 180°.

 

Now produce the boss, drill 6.8mm and bore accurately to 9/32”, Photograph 54. The part now needs parting off but the cut will be intermittent. If though the part was set to run true for the operation it would eventually break into the bore (now running off centre) and an intermittent cut would again result and could result in problems as the cut progressed. I chose therefore an initially intermittent cut that would nicely finish by breaking into the bore that was running true. Photograph 55 shows the task in progress, and being done with a parting tool having a 2mm wide tip being ideal for use on the smaller lathe,

 

If you do not have a rear toolpost this is not a task that should be attempted with a top slide mounted parting tool so it will be a case of manually sawing the part. Next, set up the 9/32” mandrel once more and face the end to length. You could alternately hold the part with the boss in the three jaw but this may mark the machined surface, the choice is yours. Finish by drilling and taping the 7BA hole.

Stuart 10V steam engine machining
Stuart 10V steam engine machining
Stuart 10V steam engine machining
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54

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